Canine Reproduction  & Whelping Guide   by Debbie Jensen
PreNatal Care of the Bitch Before and During Pregnancy



Letter to You
Why I became an Imperial Shih Tzu breeder

Whelping Photos
See pups as they are born

Heat Cycles
First days of heat

Pre Natal Care of pups
Care of the Bitch before and during Pregnancy

Mating your dog
Best days to bred your bitch

The Stud
His ability to produce sperm and mate and artificial insemination

Is she Pregnant
Signs she is pregnant

Java Due date
Inside her body fertilization to birth

Due Date Chart
Puppies are usually born 61 days after conception

Temp Chart
Taking a dogs temperature and recording her temp to predict her whelp day

Print Temp Chart
Taking her temp to determine whelping time

Whelping Supplies
Hemostats, bulb syringes, towels tons of them

Labor Stages
Digging, Shivering and Panting

See a Live Birth
See my Shih Tzu deliver a pup

Hard Labor Begins
Whelping the puppies

Aspirating Throat & Nose
Removing Fluids from the nasal passages

Umbilical Cord
How to cut the umbilical cord

Difficult Whelp (Dystocia)
What to do if shes in distress

What Can go Wrong - Movie
Distressed Pup and Mom

Care of Bitch
Discharge, Retained Placentas, Eclampsia

Puppy Care
Fading Pup, Bottle Feeding, Tube feeding, Vaccinations

Weaning the pups
Giving the pups food

Disease of Dogs
Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus

Worms and Fleas
Roundworm, tapeworm, Coccidia, Fleas & Giardia

Selling Your Puppys
Placing your Puppies

Terms of Breeding
Common breeder terms we all should know

More Whelping Photos

Imperial Shih Tzu by Jensen
Imperial Shih Tzu breeder since 1976
Now Chinese Imperial Dog


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PreNatal Care of the Bitch before Mating

She should not be over or underweight.
She should be one ( small breeds) to two years old (larger breeds)
Larger breeds should be x-rayed for Hip displasia
Vaccinations should be given a month before she is due to be mated
She needs to be worm free and have no external parasites
A Brucellosis test by your vet can be given before she is mated to prevent spreading Brucellosis to the male.

PreNatal Care of the Bitch during Pregnancy

Puppy Food
Start your female on a good quality Puppy food right after breeding. Puppy food has higher protein and fat content which her growing pups will need. It also has calcium which is important while she is nursing.
If she is a finicky eater, discuss with your Vet the proper dosage of Vitamins and calcium content that her body requires according to her weight. Note I recommend just under the recommend dose. To much calcium can cause Eclampsia

Dont let mom jump on and off the couch or get to much strenuous exercize duing the last few weeks of her pregnancy
The Dam can exercise and play as normal in the first month of pregnancy
In the last few weeks of her pregnancy she should not jump off couches or exert herself
A regular Vet visit to see if her hips are wide enough for the pups heads to pass through her hips.
She should never be giving any drugs or have flea products applied to her skin

Drug table

Drugs that can or cannot be given during Pregnancy

Drug May Be Used Do Not Use Safety Studies in Dogs Not Available
Acemannan   x  
Acepromazine   x  
Acetylcysteine Use as an antidote, only.    
Activated Charcoal x    
Albuterol   x  
Allopurinol   x  
Amikacin   x  
Aminopenicillins (Amoxicillin, Ampicillin)   x  
Aminopentamide (Centrine)     x
Amitraz (Mitaban, Preventic Collars)   x  
Amitriptyline (Elavil)   x  
Antacids (Maalox, Milk of Magnesia)   x  
Artificial Tears x    
Aspirin   x  
Atropine Eye Medication x    
Azathioprine (Imuran)   x  
Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol)   x  
Buspirone (Buspar)   x  
Butorphanol (Torbutrol, Torbugesic)   x  
Carprofen (Rimadyl)   x  
Cephalosporins (Keflex, Cefa-drops)   x  
Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)   x  
Cimetidine (Tagamet)   x  
Cisapride (Propulsid)   x Removed from the market July 14, 2000.
Clemastine (Tavist 1)   x  
Clindamycin (Antirobe)     Use with caution.
Clomipramine (Clomicalm, Anafranil)   x  
Cyclosporin (Optimmune)     x
Cyproheptadine   x  
Dextromethorphan   x  
Diazepam (Valium)   x  
Diethylcarbamazine (Filaribits, Nemacide) x    
Digoxin (Cardoxin)     Give only if clearly needed.
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)   x  
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)   x  
DMSO (Synotic)   x  
DOCP   x  
Enalapril (Enacard, Vasotec)   x  
Enrofloxacin (Baytril)   x  
Epsiprantel (Cestex)   x  
Erythromycin   x  
Erythropoietin (EPO, Epogen)   x  
Estrogens (ECP, DES)   x  
Etodolac (Etogesic)   x  
Extended Spectrum Penicillins (Carbenicillin)   x  
Famotidine (Pepcid)   x  
Fatty acids     Not recommended for pregnant humans.
Fenbendazole (Panacur) x    
Fentanyl   x  
Fipronil (Frontline)   x  
Fludrocortisone (Florinef)   x  
Fluoxetine (Prozac)   x  
Furosemide (Lasix)   x  
Gentamicin (Gentocin)   x  
Glucocorticosteroids (Prednisone, Dexamethasone, Hydrocortisone)   x  
Glycosaminoglycans (Glucosamine, Chondroitin)     x
Griseofulvin (Fulvicin)   x  
Hydroxyzine (Atarax)   x  
Immidicloprid (Advantage)   x  
Insulin x   Note: Diabetic dogs should not be bred.
Itraconazole (Sporanox)   x  
Ivermectin (Heartgard) x    
Kanamycin (Amforal, Kantrim)   x  
Kaolin (Kaopectate, Canine Pectate) x    
Loperamide (Immodium)   x  
Lufenuron (Program) x    
Mannitol   x  
Marbofloxacin (Zeniquin)   x  
Mebendazole (Telmintic)   x  
Meclofenamic Acid (Arquel)   x  
Melarsomine (Immiticide)   x  
Methimazole (Tapazole)   x  
Methionine (Methigel, Methio-Form)   x  
Metoclopramide (Reglan)     x
Metronidazole (Flagyl)   x  
Mibolerone (Cheque Drops)   x  
Milbemycin (Interceptor, Sentinel) x    
Misoprostol (Cytotec)   x  
Mitotane (o,p-DDD, Lysodren)   x  
Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G, Crystiben, Penicillin V)   x  
Neomycin   x  
Novobiocin (Albaplex)   x  
Omeprazole (Prilosec)   x  
Orbifloxacin (Orbax)   x  
Oxytocin (Pitocin) At delivery.    
Pancreatic Enzymes (Pancrezyme, Viokase-K) x    
Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins (Cloxacillin)   x  
Pentobarbital   x  
Permethrin (Bio Spot for Dogs, Defend, Proticall)   x  
Phenobarbital   x  
Phenylbutazone   x  
Phenylpropanolamine (Dexatrim)   x  
Phenytoin (Dilantin)   x  
Phytonadione (Vitamin K)   x  
Piperazine (Happy Jack Kennel Wormer, Purina Liquid Wormer, Sergeants Worm Away, Pipa Tabs, Piper Worm Wormer) Other wormers are preferred.    
Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan (Adequan)   x  
Potassium Depends on type & reason for use.    
Potassium Bromide   x  
Potentiated Penicillins (Clavamox, Augmentin)   x  
Praziquantel (Droncit, Drontal)   x  
Primidone   x  
Progestins (Megestrol acetate, Ovaban)   x  
Psyllium (Metamucil, Vetasyl) x    
Pyrantel Pamoate (ProWormer-2, Nemex) Do not use wormers with additional ingredients.    
Pyriproxyfen (Bio Spot for Dogs)   x  
Ranitidine (Zantac)   x  
Rotenone (Goodwinol Ointment) x   Caution: Do not use on puppies, or expose puppies to this medication.
Selamectin (Revolution) x    
Selegiline (Anipryl)   x  
Sucralfate     x
Sulfadimethoxine (Albon, Bactrovet)   x  
Sulfadimethoxine & Ormetroprim (Primor)   x  
Terbutaline   x  
Tetracyclines (Doxycycline, Oxytetracycline)   x  
Theophylline (Theo-Dur)   x  
Thiacetarsemide (Caparsolate)     Use with caution.
Thyroxine (Synthroid, Soloxine) x   Note: Hypothyroid dogs should not be bred.
Trimeprazine (Temaril-P)   x  
Trimethoprim & Sulfadiazine (Tribrissen)   x