Canine Reproduction  & Whelping Guide   by Debbie Jensen
Crimping and Cutting the Umbilical Cord

Letter to You
Why I became an Imperial Shih Tzu breeder

Whelping Photos
See pups as they are born

Heat Cycles
First days of heat

Pre Natal Care of pups
Care of the Bitch before and during Pregnancy

Mating your dog
Best days to bred your bitch

The Stud
His ability to produce sperm and mate and artificial insemination

Is she Pregnant
Signs she is pregnant

Java Due date
Inside her body fertilization to birth

Due Date Chart
Puppies are usually born 61 days after conception

Temp Chart
Taking a dogs temperature and recording her temp to predict her whelp day

Print Temp Chart
Taking her temp to determine whelping time

Whelping Supplies
Hemostats, bulb syringes, towels tons of them

Labor Stages
Digging, Shivering and Panting

See a Live Birth
See my Shih Tzu deliver a pup

Hard Labor Begins
Whelping the puppies

Aspirating Throat & Nose
Removing Fluids from the nasal passages

Umbilical Cord
How to cut the umbilical cord

Difficult Whelp (Dystocia)
What to do if shes in distress

What Can go Wrong - Movie
Distressed Pup and Mom

Care of Bitch
Discharge, Retained Placentas, Eclampsia

Puppy Care
Fading Pup, Bottle Feeding, Tube feeding, Vaccinations

Weaning the pups
Giving the pups food

Disease of Dogs
Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus

Worms and Fleas
Roundworm, tapeworm, Coccidia, Fleas & Giardia

Selling Your Puppys
Placing your Puppies

Terms of Breeding
Common breeder terms we all should know

More Whelping Photos

Imperial Shih Tzu by Jensen
Imperial Shih Tzu breeder since 1976
Now Chinese Imperial Dog

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Whelping Day /Crimping and Cutting the Umbilical Cord

The attached Umbilical cord runs from the placenta to the pups navel,
it supplies the pup with rich oxygenated blood.
This blood can be returned to a weak pup by squeezing along the cord
this pushes the blood back into the pup.
Note # weak puppies can use this extra blood contained in the cord.


Now crimp the cord with hemostats or string like dental floss.
Cutting the Umbilical cord now can be done
but only after the pup mouth and nose have been aspirated
and the blood returned back to the pup
This figure shows an attached placenta.

cut between belly and placenta

Cut between hemostats and placenta
Clamping the umbilicle cord

The hemostats are clamped 1/2 inch from the puppies belly.
With dull scissors cut between the placenta and the hemostats.
Not between the hemostats and the pups belly.

cordhe1.jpg - 6514 Bytes

If the placenta is not attached to the pup you must try and retrieve it
yourself. Look at the vulva and see if part is hanging out. With a towel grasp
it and pull it out. It is very slippery and will tear apart. If it sucks back
into the birth canal it will delay the next pup birth, sometimes up to an hour.
This happens often to me.

Close up of Placenta
This placenta above is still attached to the uterine wall. When it comes out
you can allow the mother to eat one or two placentas if she wants. Discard the rest.
Eating the placenta provides nourishment for the mother. It also helps aid in
milk production and will cause the uterus to shrink back down to size.
Note # if your mom does not appear to have milk you can give her dark beer but
light works too. I give my Shih Tzus that weigh about 9 pounds 2 teaspoons
Eating to many placenta will give her diarrhea, and a black stool that will
stain all that it comes in contact with.
Offer the mother water at any time during whelping.