Canine Reproduction  & Whelping Guide   by Debbie Jensen
Weaning The Litter of Puppies

Jensen Whelping Guide

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Canine Reproduction The Series DVD
Explains how to prepare and assist a bitch whelping a litter.
Shows you step by step what you need to do during the birth.
  • Cutting Cords
  • Aspirating
  • Whelping Tools and How to Use them
  • Artificial Insemination
  • Predicting Due Date
  • Signs of Labor
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    Canine Reproduction The Series  DVD Video  Buy 29.00      Jensen Whelping Guide - Digital E Book!   Buy 10.00

    Debbie Jensen   Las Vegas, Nevada   702.989.5398   Pacific Time   Email Debbie Jensen

    Letter to You
    Why I became an Imperial Shih Tzu breeder

    Whelping Photos
    See pups as they are born

    Heat Cycles
    First days of heat

    Pre Natal Care of pups
    Care of the Bitch before and during Pregnancy

    Mating your dog
    Best days to bred your bitch

    The Stud
    His ability to produce sperm and mate and artificial insemination

    Is she Pregnant
    Signs she is pregnant

    Java Due date
    Inside her body fertilization to birth

    Due Date Chart
    Puppies are usually born 61 days after conception

    Temp Chart
    Taking a dogs temperature and recording her temp to predict her whelp day

    Print Temp Chart
    Taking her temp to determine whelping time

    Whelping Supplies
    Hemostats, bulb syringes, towels tons of them

    Labor Stages
    Digging, Shivering and Panting

    See a Live Birth
    See my Shih Tzu deliver a pup

    Hard Labor Begins
    Whelping the puppies

    Aspirating Throat and Nose
    Removing Fluids from the nasal passages

    Umbilical Cord
    How to cut the umbilical cord

    Difficult Whelp (Dystocia)
    What to do if shes in distress

    What Can go Wrong - Movie
    Distressed Pup and Mom

    Care of Bitch
    Discharge, Retained Placentas, Eclampsia

    Puppy Care
    Fading Pup, Bottle Feeding, Tube feeding, Vaccinations

    Weaning the pups
    Giving the pups food

    Disease of Dogs
    Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus

    Worms and Fleas
    Roundworm, Tapeworm, Coccidia, Fleas, Giardia

    Selling Your Puppy's
    Placing your Puppies

    Terms of Breeding
    Common breeder terms we all should know

    More Whelping Photos

    Imperial Shih Tzu by Jensen
    Imperial Shih Tzu breeder since 1976
    Now Chinese Imperial Dog

    Weaning Your Puppies

    A messy day for any breeder.

    Weaning day varies with your type of dog breed. Larger Breeds develop teeth earlier than smaller breeds so mothers have a tendency to want them weaned earlier. I have a friend that breeds Great Danes, she weans as early as 2 to 3 weeks. My Shih Tzus start getting weaned at 4.2 weeks old and are totally weaned by 4.6 weeks.

    Q . Why wean early? Most of us believe that pregnancy or giving birth is the factor that tires out our females. This is not so. Puppies nursing is what tires out a female, causes poor coat, and bad teeth with an emaciated look. By weaning earlier she will live longer and stay healthier. There is no excuse for your dog not living out its normal life span according to her breed; no matter how many litters she has had.

    How to began weaning your litter of puppies.
    Start by making up a smooth gruel puppy food. I will describe how I make the first food for puppies. I use Mighty dog ( because it smells ) and dry puppy food. Mix 1 teaspoon Mighty Dog with 1 cup of small bites kibble. I put in all in a blender, add water and blend till creamy. I introduce it to each puppy off my finger so they can lick it off. If the pup doesn't' attempt to gobble it up I wait a day and return it to its Mother. When a pup that licks it off my finger, then I give it a teaspoon of water and teach it to drink. If the pup licks the water then it moves to the weaning crate. I place a bowl of water and gruel on one side of the crate spaced at least the length of a puppy's body because puppies have a tendency to lay on one bowl while eating from another. Pups will walk into the bowls and get covered with food for a day or so. It gets really messy but it's part of breeding and it's kind of comical to watch.

    First Day of Weaning
    I will usually let the mother in to be with the puppies once a day to nurse them. And once again at night the first 24 hours of weaning.
    Second day of Weaning
    I will allow mom to nurse the pups an hour before bedtime. This is usually the last time she nurses her pups.
    Care of the mother
    Observing mom is extremely important at this time, keep an eye on her for Acute Metritis.
    This is usually the first time they get a bath.
    Stool Check
    This is a good time to check the pup's stools for a firm consistency. The stool should not have a bad odor or a mucus like appearance. If this is the case, then it is time to take the puppy into the vet for a fecal analysis. On my worms page, I teach you how to perform the fecal analysis if you own a microscope.